Reflections of Ahmad Shah Baba's Life

By admin, 8 April, 2024

Ahmad Shah Durrani strictly believed in God and honored his instructions. He was knowledgeable in religion and The influence of Sufism is evident in King Durrani's ambitions. He followed two great religious leaders, Shah Fuqurullah of Jalalabad City and Miya Mohammad Omar of Peshawar City. It is disclosed that some 17,500 followers of religious leader Miya M. Omar Sufi aided Ahmad Shah's army in the famous Panipat battle near Delhi, India, bringing the distinguished Afghan victory.

Ahmad Shah Durrani firmly imposed Afghan ways and promoted Afghan family character. During his reign, building national unity was stressed to such a degree that tribal feuds gradually and steadily collapsed. His policies stressed equality and freedom for individuals were expanded. Friendship treaties were formulated with neighbouring states based upon the principle that freedom is a natural right of all races.

As amoral grandeur, Ahmad Shah Durrani steadfastly supported the Afghan code of honour, customs and characters under the essence of Islam. The Afghan ruler accepted other cultures by inviting the right to coexist in the land of Afghans free of any discrimination. His only terms were that others should appreciate Afghans and be no threat to their independence.

Ahmad Shah was not only a heroic warrior but also an elegant and charming poet. His poetry and prose are classics with political, religious, humanitarian and national overtones.

Ahmad Shah wrote tender, powerful, simple, and sensitive poetry. Like other oriental poets, his poetry speaks of grief, satire, bitterness, joy, reverence and humility. According to the Afghan historian and literary scholar, Prof Abdul Hai Habibi, Ahmad Shah wrote some 2,500 poems.

Professor Habibi compiled the poems with strenuous effort and published the Dewan in 1319. The book is a monumental volume of magnificent poetry and prose Ahmad Shah wrote in his native mother tongue, Pashto.

Internationally known nineteenth-century philosopher, Sayyed Jamaluddin Afghani writes in his famous book, Tetmat-al-bayan fi Tarikh-al-Afghan, (published in Arabic) that Ahmad Shah took great interest in all his tribes and considered them all for strengthening national unity. He gave equal attention to all of them. He formed a nine-member council that represented each tribe from around the country for the purpose of advising him in all affairs. The council was powerful and heard in all matters pertaining to the country and building and maintaining national unity.

Ahmad Shah was famous for being a just and fair leader. It is said that during his reign a lion and deer could live together and drink from the same well. During Ahmad Shah's reign there were administrative posts such as First Minister, Finance Minister, Controller, Tax and Revenue Minister, Chief Justice, Chief of Army, Minister of Defence, Interior Minister, ambassadors and others.

Historian Ghobar writes in Persian that Ahmad Shah Baba Durrani predominantly spent his life with sword, gun, battles and politics. His character and morals were supreme.

The public considered him a high religious personality. He advised his sons to treat criminals with respect and not to look down upon them. He taught his children not to bow their heads or backs during greetings. They were also encouraged to stay in contact with the learned and prominent.

English Colonel Milson writes that Ahmad Shah Durrani was constantly in contact with all his tribal people and their leaders. He sought their opinions in all national matters and followed Afghan traditions with keen interest. Milson witnesses that Ahmad Shah expressed to his nation, "I am your King. My duty is to keep you independent, preserve your pride and dignity, and to secure your prosperity and unity."